Posted: Sep 21, 2021
A web application is directed to be more interactive and engaging with the users. Unlike a mobile application, a web application need not be downloaded. It can, however, be pinned to a browser or screen of a device.
It can be challenging to choose which one a business should go with. While a web page is more economical and less time-consuming, every website development company would still insist its client opt for a web application.
In this article, let us have a look at a to-the-point guide for web development and web design.
Understanding Web Development
Many businesses hesitate to get their web applications developed only because they lack knowledge about it. Not anymore, you are welcome!
Types Of Web Apps
There are mainly six types of web applications with two of them being opposite to each other.
Dynamic Web Apps
A web app goes through many changes after it is fully developed. This demands the need for it to be dynamic. A dynamic web app offers flexibility to the user to make as many changes as he or she wants to make.
From the perspective of users, they get to interact and engage with the web app. This includes creating a profile, connecting with other users, and receiving a result upon entering an input.
Static Web Apps
These web apps are opposite to the Dynamic Web Apps. They do not allow the owner to make changes. Every content that appears on the web app remains as it is. A user can only read and gain the information.
In case of urgency, changes can only be made by the developer. These changes are made by modifying the code stored on a server.
Portal Web Apps
The best example of a Portal Web App is the payment gateway that appears while processing a transaction on a website. A charitable web app, for instance, offers an option to the visitor of donating via the internet.
While processing the transaction, a visitor is asked to log in to his or her bank portal and complete the payment. While this may rarely be required in the case of a debit-credit card, it is always required in the case of net banking and UPI.
E-Commerce Web Apps
These run on similar principles to the Portal Web Apps, except that they function dedicatedly for e-commerce platforms. Since confidential information like card number, pin or social security number, and CVV are required to purchase a product, safety remains the utmost priority to sellers and buyers on the platform.
An E-commerce Web App must function to enable the owner to update changes in the product listing, compile orders, and enter transaction details in the account.
Progressive Web Apps
A mobile app must be downloaded before it can be used. This is not the case with the Progressive Web Apps. They offer an option to the user to pin it to the desktop or browser. Hence, they save time reviewing a web app.
This increases the chances of retaining a potential customer, who is more likely to buy due to the convenience offered by the Progressive Web App.
Content Management System Web Apps
A Content Management System Web App, also known as CMS Web App, is a helping hand for the owners who are from a non-technical background. A widely popular example is a blogging web page.
Every aspiring writer can begin the journey by writing a blog on any platform. The portion that is handed over to them by the platform is a content management system. A writer can write, publish, and modify the content at any time.
Working Or Layers Of A Web Application
While the details are rarely required to be understood by the client, having some basic understanding of this topic can help a client to get an estimate of website development more efficiently.
Front End Web Development
Every car has two sides: One is the exterior that is visible to everyone and the other is the interior that is visible only if someone opens up the car. Similarly, one of the sides that a web application has is the front end. This portion is what a user sees and interacts with.
Back End Web Development
This is the other side of developing a web application. To put it in simple words, this is the backstage with maximum action. It includes connection with the server via codebase and making changes that would then be available to the visitor.
The back-end portion for an educational website, for example, includes an option to write an SEO title and SEO description.
It is not a secret that every web application collects certain data. This data assists the owner to improve the functions for the future. This data, along with the one provided by the registered users, is stored at a place that is called a database.
It allows the developer to modify the functioning and offer an enhanced experience to the visitor. The database provides enough support to the owner to place targeted ads. Both the points, when combined, offer better interactivity to the visitor.
Web Development Process
The process to develop a web application sounds technical. When explained simply, it appears to be the easiest topic in the world.
A web application must have an objective that it fulfills. Finding the idea represents that ideology. The idea behind a web application may be a solution to a problem. It may be unique or a drastic improvement over the existing one. A wheelchair was a solution to the problem of people being unable to walk. Making it electronic was a drastic improvement.
The idea may also be to monetize something that you love. People earn thousands of dollars just by freelancing with their skills.
One can expect his or her investment to generate a return only if the idea is financially viable. This portion is covered in the research which can either be qualitative or quantitative. Research helps to understand how far the idea will go and who exactly should be targeted while promoting the idea.
Two perspectives of a business namely management and technology are driven based on the data that is concluded from a research.
Now that the idea has been formulated and has been tested theoretically, it is time to list out what functions the web application would carry. Not every web application requires a code scanner or a payment gateway.
Some functions that remain common are creating profiles, generating passwords, and sending regular updates.
Prepare A Design
The fourth step is to prepare a draft of how the web application would look on a device. A pen and paper would come in handy. It may be inaccurate but a rough draft is a must. This helps the developer to understand the expectation and work accordingly.
One can always get their draft reviewed by a company that is engaged in website design and development services before getting it implemented.
A prototype is similar to the final product except that it has limited functionality. The aim of getting a prototype out is to estimate how the final product would perform after it is launched in the market.
At this stage, a developer gives a proper structure to the sketch that was drawn in the previous step. Some tools that can be used are Adobe XD and InVision Studio, to name a few.
Once ready, the developer begins the testing of the prototype. It is carried out at numerous stages. The two most popular stages are Alpha Version and Beta Version. For this phase to be successful, a group must be rounded up and given the task to use the web application to its extreme abilities.
The developer must be open to seek feedback and proceed with the complete development process.
Pick A Technology
Choosing the right technology to complete the development of a web application depends on the type of functions that are required. An e-commerce platform and a blogging platform run with different functionalities. Hence, the technology used to develop them varies.
Some languages that can be used are HTML, CSS, PHP, and Python. Picking up the right technology would provide a better framework for the functioning of the web application.
After everything is set, the web application is ready to be hosted on a server. One must ensure to register a professional domain and obtain an SSL certificate. This establishes trust in the minds of the visitors.
Additionally, one must also choose a cloud provider. Some of the cloud providers are Google Cloud Platform, Amazon AWS, and MS Azure.
The final step in the process of web development is to launch the web application. Make it available in the market. One must first conduct a final check if it works for every browser and device.
In case of any fault, the chances to have a visitor back on the web application would reduce. Every effort put in developing it would go in vain.
Understanding Web Design
Web Design is a stage where the look of a web application is conceptualized. Every function listed by the client is arranged in a proper sequence.
Types Of Web Design
Let’s get an idea about two different types of Web Design.
Adaptive Web Design
Every user accesses a web application on different devices. It may be a mobile, laptop, or desktop computer. The web design that is customized for every device is called adaptive web design. This enables better compatibility across various devices and faster loading of a web page.
Responsive Web Design
One point that broadly distinguishes Responsive Web Design from Adaptive Web Design is that Responsive Web Design remains rigid. It offers a flexible grid of layout that changes constantly when a web application is accessed on different screen sizes or browsers.
Web Design Elements
There are mainly two types of web design elements.
These are the elements that a visitor sees when he or she accesses the web application. Some examples are written texts, their fonts, background color, overall layout, spacing, images, and videos.
A functional element deals with the operations of a web application. It includes how a visitor interacts with a web page. He or she may want to register for an event or get in touch with the marketing team. Other examples of a functional element include animation, site structure, and loading speed.
This was a properly curated and well-researched guide to web design and web development. If you have something to contribute, then do share it with us.